Nepal, country of Asia, lying along the southern slopes of the Himalayan Mountain ranges. It is a landlocked country located between India to the east, south, and west and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north. Its territory extends roughly 500 miles (800 kilometers) from east to west and 90 to 150 miles from north to south. The capital is Kathmandu.
In Nov. 1990, King Birendra promulgated a new constitution and introduced a multiparty parliamentary democracy in Nepal. Under pressure amid massive pro-democracy protests in April 2006, King Gyanendra gave up direct rule and reinstated Parliament, which then quickly moved to diminish the King’s power. In Dec. 2007, Parliament voted to abolish the monarchy and become a federal democratic republic. The transition to a republic was completed in May 2008, when the Constituent Assembly voted to dissolve the monarchy.
Wedged between two giants, India and China, Nepal seeks to keep a balance between the two countries in its foreign policy—and thus to remain independent. A factor that contributes immensely to the geopolitical importance of the country is the fact that a strong Nepal can deny China access to the rich Gang etic Plain; Nepal thus marks the southern boundary of the Chinese sphere north of the Himalayas in Asia.
As a result of its years of geographic and self-imposed isolation, Nepal is one of the least developed nations of the world. In recent years many countries, including India, China, the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, Denmark, Germany, Canada, and Switzerland, have provided economic assistance to Nepal. The extent of foreign aid to Nepal has been influenced to a considerable degree by the strategic position of the country between India and China. The Nepalese Rupee is the currency of Nepal.
Nepal’s climate, influenced by elevation as well as by its location in a subtropical latitude, ranges from subtropical monsoon conditions in the Tarai, through a warm temperate climate between 4,000 and 7,000 feet in the mid-mountain region, to cool temperate conditions in the higher parts of mountains between 7,000 and 11,000 feet, to an Alpine climate at altitudes between 14,000 and 16,000 feet along the lower slopes of the Himalaya mountains. At altitudes above 16,000 feet the temperature is always below freezing and the surface covered by snow and ice. Rainfall is ample in the eastern portion of the Tarai (which receives from 70 to 75 inches [1,800 to 1,900 millimetres] a year at Bīratnagar) and in the mountains, but the western portion of Nepal (where from 30 to 35 inches a year fall at Mahendranagar) is drier.
In Kāthmāndu Valley, average temperatures range from 50° F (10° C) in January to 78° F (26° C) in July, and the lowest and highest temperatures recorded have been 27° and 99° F (-3° and 37° C). The average annual rainfall is about 55 inches, most of which falls in the period from June to September. At Pokharā the temperature ranges from 40° F (4° C) in January to approximately 100° F (38° C) in June, just before the monsoon. In winter, temperatures during the day rise to 70° F (21° C), creating pleasant conditions, with cool nights and warm days. Because warm rain-bearing monsoon winds discharge most of their moisture as they encounter the Annapūrna range, rainfall is quite heavy (about 100 inches) in the Pokharā Valley.
There are an increasing number of students who are choosing to study abroad in Nepal. This could be attributed to the fact that students are looking for some place out of the ordinary. Also, many organizations, including the United States Government, want students to study in places which get overlooked by most other students. They even give special scholarship attention to students wishing to participate in these programs.
Nepal is a preferred location, especially for Indian students owing to a number of reasons. The quality education provided by these institutes, competitive fee structure, and less complicated documentation are among few reasons, for Indian students choosing this country for higher education. Moreover the food habits, culture and lifestyle is matched to a great deal with that of India. Unlike other countries, you do not require any Visa to study in this country. Many of the colleges are approved by the Medical Council of India and even curriculum of MBBS course is similar to that followed in Indian counterparts. Being an English and Hindi speaking region, Indian students find it easy to communicate with the people of this country.
Pursuing Education in Nepal has become one of the most preferred options for Indian students in the past couple of years owing to many reasons. The cost of living in Nepal is inexpensive as compared to India. Hence, it is the best option for Indian students belonging to middle-class families to pursue Education in Nepal.
Separate hostel accommodations are provided to boys and girls. These hostels are located within the campus. It is compulsory to stay in these hostels. Students have to pay the fee or hostel charges once for the four and half years. During internship, students can pay their hostel charges from the internship allowance that they get. Students are not allowed to change or shift hostel, once they are admitted to it. The hostel management is responsible for taking care of security of students, cleanliness, providing good canteen facilities and regular water and electricity immediately.
Staple diet of Nepal is dal bhat. In the hostel and university canteens, students can avail Indian food also. Be it your choice of vegetarian food or non-vegetarian food, you can opt for both in these canteens.
In Nepal, duration of MBBS in Nepal is of five and half years. First four and half years are dedicated to theoretical study of basics of medical sciences, and clinical study. In the last one year students have to go through internship programs in clinics of hospitals of the college or university. This course also has scope of elective study and also offers options of placement on completing the course
Many universities and colleges of the country are approved by Medical Council of India and Nepal Medical Council. The universities have different medical colleges under them that provide MBBS course to students. Based on the merit, these universities select students for medical courses. Few colleges also provide scholarships to students. For enrolling to MBBS course, Indian students have to submit an eligibility certificate to these universities. This is dispensed by the Medical Council of India. International students have to go through a selection test and based on its results, they will be admitted to different universities. This test consists of a rigorous interview process and on clearing these, students are registered with respective universities. Depending on the aptitude and scores, students are selected. Students need to attain the age of 17 years before they seek admission to this course. Though different medical schools have different criteria, but mostly it is compulsory to complete secondary education with subjects like English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. You need to score minimum of 50% in these subjects. Documents that need to be submitted are a copy of the school certificate examination and a copy of the mark sheet. Along with a copy of passport; recent photographs and a medical certificate need to be submitted to the respective medical school.