Australia officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. The neighboring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. Australia’s capital is Canberra, and its largest urban area is Sydney. Australia’s national currency is the Australian dollar
Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago, possibly with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia. These first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. At the time of European settlement in the late 18th century, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers, with a complex oral culture and spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime. The Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, were originally horticulturists and hunter-gatherers. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited sporadically by fishermen from Maritime Southeast Asia.
School education is similar across all of Australia with only minor variations between states and territories. School education (primary and secondary) is compulsory between the ages of six and sixteen (Year 1 to Year 9 or 10). School education is 13 years and divided into: Primary school – Runs for seven or eight years, starting at Kindergarten/Preparatory through to Year 6 or 7.Secondary school – Runs for three or four years, from Years 7 to 10 or 8 to 10.Senior secondary school – Runs for two years, Years 11 and 12.
Australia is a continent that experiences a variety of climates due to its size. The temperature can range from below zero in the Snowy Mountains in southern Australia to extreme heat in the Kimberley region in the north-west of the continent.
Due to the size of the continent, there is not one single seasonal calendar for the entire continent. Instead there are six climatic zones and this translates as two main seasonal patterns.
There is a Summer / Autumn / Winter / Spring pattern in the Temperate zone, also affecting the Desert and the Grassland climatic zones and, a Wet / Dry pattern in the tropical north which includes the Equatorial, Tropical and sub-tropical zones.
Depending upon where you are each Month, the season will vary on whether the weather is defined by the Temperate zone seasons or the tropical seasons.
The seasons in the temperate zone are described in terms of European seasons applied to the southern hemisphere in the following sequence:
- Summer: December to February
- Autumn: March to May
- Winter: June to August
- Spring: September to November
Did you know Australia has the third highest number of international students in the world behind only the United Kingdom and the United States despite having a population of only 23 million? This isn’t surprising when you consider Australia has seven of the top 100 universities in the world! In fact, with over 22,000 courses across 1,100 institutions, Australia sits above the likes of Germany, the Netherlands and Japan, ranking eighth in the Universities 2012 U21 Ranking of National Higher Education Systems.
Australia houses some of the world’s leading universities that offer high quality education. Despite the rising Australian dollar and the recent increase in educational costs, students across the world are opting to complete their higher education from Australia, what with the promise of lucrative jobs, good quality of living and conducive weather with beautiful beaches.
Study in Australia has excellent reputation and most rigorous training programs in the world. Australian qualification is recognized in most countries in the world.
Study in Australia is based on problem-based learning, integrating and ensuring an optimum learning experience. In a medical studies majority of programs clinical experience is included from first year.
However, this doesn’t plank out the fact that Australia is one of the most expensive country with a high study and a living cost. Tuition fees range depending on the discipline you choose to study, degree level and university.
Tuition fees at Australian universities are generally calculated per unit, not per year. Each unit falls into a fee band, and as most students will be studying a combination of units from different bands, fees will be different for everybody.
Your living expenses in Australia will depend highly on which region you plan to live in. For example, more urbanized areas will have higher costs for accommodation. The type of accommodation is also important. Hostels range from $80 to $135 a week, while shared rentals and on-campus accommodation will cost $70 to $250. More expensive options are homestay ($110 to $270 per week) and rental ($100 to $400 per week).
Aside from accommodation, your weekly expenses will most likely include groceries or eating out ($80 to $200), gas and electricity ($60 to $100), phone and internet ($20 to $50), public transport ($10 to $50) and entertainment ($50 to $100).
Australia houses some of the world’s leading universities that offer high-quality education. Despite the rising Australian dollar and the recent increase in educational costs, students across the world are opting to complete their higher education from Australia, what with the promise of lucrative jobs, good quality of living and favorable weather with beautiful beaches. One of the most popular courses attracting students from across the globe is medical sciences.
Australia has a high cost of living, which makes education in Australia a pricey option. However, the quality of medical education offered by Australian universities finds many students still opting to study here. All medical colleges in Australia offering under graduation and post-graduation courses are accredited by the Australian Medical Council and also by Medical Council of India, World Health Organization. The undergraduate medical course in Australia spans across five to six years. This is a provisional admission for students who have completed year 12 of schooling. After the completion of a graduation or a post-graduation, students are required to work as an intern for a year to be eligible to register with the state medical registration board. Students applying for an undergraduate medical degree in Australia will have their applications assessed against three criteria: Academic Merits, Aptitude test scores and Interview. In order to be eligible to apply, students must have completed their school leaving qualification (or be in the final year of study for that qualification) with strong grades in the required subjects and have achieved a minimum score on an aptitude test. There is some variation in subject prerequisite requirements but almost all medical schools will require you to have a strong pass in Chemistry (at A2 or Higher Level in IB). Most will also require Maths, and Physics or Biology is also recommended.